A graduate of the School of Fine Arts of the University of Pennsylvania, Monroe Fabian was a curator at the National Portrait Gallery of the Smithsonian Institute for 20 years before retiring.
While at the gallery, he worked on major shows of such artists as Thomas Sully and Joseph Wright.
An authority in the field of Pennsylvania-German Decorative Arts, Fabian wrote a book entitled "The Pennsylvania-German Decorated Chest" published in 1978 by Main Street Press.
An article in the December 20, 1972 issue of The Morning Call described how Fabian researched and identified Johannes or John Spangenberg as the Pennsylvania German fraktur artist known for years only as "The Easton Bible Artist."
Born in Hellertown, Fabian was a son of Eva V. Fabian of Quakertown and the late Paul H. Fabian.